Published in English. Pages, ISBN · · OCLC · Compendium Maleficarum is a witch-hunter’s manual written in Latin by Francesco Maria. The Malleus Maleficarum, usually translated as the Hammer of Witches, is the best known and Behringer, Werner Tschacher. , English, Malleus Maleficarum – The Witch Hammer, J. Sprenger, H. Kramer, trans. by Montague Summers. Compendium Maleficarum: The Montague Summers Edition. Front Cover . Materializing Gender in Early Modern English Literature and Culture · Will Fisher.

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He comments that “in the case of such a close collaboration any such inquiry seems singularly superfluous and nugatory”. This is the point in history where “witchcraft constituted an independent antireligion”. Mackay, 2 vols Cambridge: In Kramer’s view, women witches were out to harm all of Christendom. Jenny Gibbons, a Neo-Pagan and a historian, writes: The Malleus Maleficarumed. The ancient subjects of astronomyphilosophyand medicine were being reintroduced to the West at this time, as well as a plethora of ancient texts being rediscovered and studied.

Archived copy as title link “Archived copy”. The Malleus recommended not only torture but also deception in order to obtain confessions: In other projects Wikimedia Commons. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it. Of Tying the Pvints. Witches entered into a pact with Satan to allow them the power to perform harmful magical acts, thus establishing an essential link between witches and the Devil. Therefore, most women are doomed to become witches, who cannot be redeemed; and the only recourse open to the authorities is to ferret out and exterminate all witches.

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If this assertion was granted, then the presence of maleficium indicated decisively the presence of a female witch. Authors naively assumed that the book painted an accurate picture of how the Inquisition tried witches.

Of the Appeal to God.

Fellow Catholics, to whom we are forever bound in the xompendium of saints, did sin grievously against people accused of witchcraft. This page was last edited on 5 Decemberat For the post-Enlightenment Christians, the disbelief was based on a belief in rationalism and empiricism.

According to Mackay, this concept of sorcery is characterized by the conviction that those guilty engage in six activities: Between andtwenty editions of the Malleus Maleficarum were published, and another sixteen between and The Nature and Extent of the Force engpish Imagination.


Heinrich Kramer, the text’s demented author, was held up as a typical inquisitor.

Malleus Maleficarum – Wikipedia

Kramer and Sprenger develop a powerful gender-specific theory of witchcraft based on a hierarchical and dualistic view of the world. The title is translated as “The Hammer of Witches”.

In his introduction, he ignores completely the theory that joint authorship or approbation could be a mystification. In the words of Wolfgang Behringer: The Malleus Maleficarum and the witch craze that ensued took advantage of the increasing intolerance of the Reformation and Counter-Reformation in Europe, where the Protestant and Catholic camps respectively, pitted against one another, each zealously strove to englush what they each deemed to be the purity of faith.

Ankarloo, Bengt; Clark, Stuart, eds. The Malleus also mentions astrology and astronomy, which had recently been reintroduced to the West through the ancient works of Pythagoras. It goes on to give accounts of witches committing these crimes.

Compendium Maleficarum – Wikipedia

The cold water ordeal, however, would rise again during the witch hunts. It had tremendous influence in the witch trials in England and on the continent.

For example, an attack on some of the engoish arguments of the Malleus was made by the Francisan Samuel de Cassini in and answered in favour of the Malleus by the Dominican Vincente Dodo in Max Then, at the prayer of some of those present, the prisoner is loosed again and is taken aside and once more persuaded to confess, being led to believe that he will in that case not be put to death.

It was a standard mode of argumentation in scholastic discourse with a long tradition.

The preface also includes an alleged unanimous approbation from the University of Cologne ‘s Faculty of Theology. In Heinrich Kramer had made one of the first attempts at prosecuting alleged witches in the Tyrol region. For the Cradle of Filth album, see Hammer of the Witches.

This article compejdium a manuscript is a stub. Heinrich Kramer and Jacob Sprenger. This was in fact done in the ways written below. Its appearance triggered no prosecutions in areas where there had been none earlier, and in some cases its claims encountered substantial scepticism for Italy, Paton The arguments are clearly laid for the lay magistrates prosecuting witches.


Witchcraft and Magic in Europe Volume 4. The cautionary advice of the Spanish Inquisition in was merely another instance of the kinds of interests, and objections, that Malleus raised.

Then, signatories complain that “Some curates of souls and preachers of the Word of God feel no shame at claiming and affirming in their sermons to the congregation that sorceresses do not exist” [64] and notice that the intention of the authors of the Malleus Maleficarum is not primarily to alleviate this ignorance but rather “toil to exterminate the sorceresses by explaining the appropriate methods of sentencing and punishing them in accordance with the text of the aforementioned Bull and the regulations of the Holy Canons, thereby achieving their extermination”; [64] finally, signatories explain why they are providing their expertise:.

The argument was made in the nineteenth century by a scholar hostile to what the Malleus stood for that the approbation was a forgery by Institoris and that Sprenger had nothing to do with the composition.

The judge must then address to the prisoners the following sentence: But in other regions, for example French-speaking western Switzerland, Protestant rulers were more severe than Catholic overlords in prosecuting witches Monter The book claims that maleficafum is normal for all witches “to perform filthy carnal acts with demons. Written by James Sprenger and Henry Kramer of which little is knownthe Malleus remained in use for three hundred years.

Malleus Maleficarum (1486)

However, each of these three sections has the prevailing themes of what is witchcraft and who is a witch. For the Supernatural episode, see Malleus Maleficarum Supernatural. In short, comppendium witch became Satan’s puppet.